Students learn about:

  • King Zheng of Qin (259 – 210 BC), and the unification of China; King Zheng becomes Qin Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China
  • Mausoleum of the first Emperor of China, Mount Lishan, Xian: discovery of burial vaults, terracotta warriors and horses, excavation and history of the tomb, the extent of finds
  • Construction and structure of the burial vaults of the terracotta warriors: method of concealment, location and purpose
  • Terracotta Warriors: nature of warfare, armour, weapons, features and status of foot soldiers, officers and cavalrymen, extent of the finds
  • Manufacture of the Terracotta Warriors
  • Metallurgy and military science: nature of warfare, armour, weapons – technology and knowledge of metals
  • The mausoleum as a world heritage site: presentation of Terracotta Warriors, recent finds.


A student develops the skills to:

P1.1 describe and explain the contribution of key people, groups, events, institutions, societies and sites within the historical context

P2.1 identify historical factors and explain their significance in contributing to change and continuity in the ancient world

P3.1 locate, select and organise relevant information from a variety of sources

P3.2 identify relevant problems of sources in reconstructing the past

P3.3 comprehend sources and analyse them for their usefulness and reliability

P3.4 identify and account for differing perspectives and interpretations of the past

P3.5 discuss issues relating to ownership and custodianship of the past

P3.6 plan and present the findings of historical investigations analysing and synthesising information from a range of sources.